以下是 OpenAI 给出的答案，不知道对不对，你可以参考一下:) Here is one possible solution using SQL:
```sql SELECT item_id, price, MIN(dt) as start_date, (SELECT MIN(dt) FROM prices AS p2 WHERE p2.item_id = p1.item_id AND p2.price != p1.price AND p2.dt > p1.dt) as end_date FROM prices as p1 GROUP BY item_id, price ```
This query groups the prices for each item_id and price combination and finds the minimum dt (the start date) for each group. Then, for each group, it uses a subquery to find the minimum dt for the next price change (the end date) for the same item_id. If there is no next price change, the end date is set to the maximum date value.
You can use this query as a starting point and modify it to fit your specific needs.